21 October 1805
Nelson gave to the Royal Navy his imaginative strategic and tactical
naval doctrines which encouraged individual officers to think
for themselves. His flair and forcefulness as a commander in battle
were decisive factors in his two major victories - the battles
of the Nile and Trafalgar. In the former, he destroyed the French
fleet upon which Napoleon Bonaparte based his hopes of Eastern
conquest, and in the latter he destroyed the combined French and
Spanish fleets. Nelson, as Vice Admiral of the White and C-I-C,
ordered that the battle of Trafalgar to be fought under his squadron's
On 21st October, 1805, with his officers and sailors, suffering
great loss of life, they succeeded in destroying the combined
French and Spanish fleets, off Cape Trafalgar on the Spanish coast.
This victory protected England and ensured Royal Navy supremacy
of the high seas for the next 100 years.
Australia, in 1805, had a 17 year old settlement at Sydney Town
with Hobart Town just formed and the Newcastle convict settlement
established. The rest of Australia was wide open to other foreign
Nelson and his Band of Brothersí outstanding bravery and battle
success resulted in a unique gift - a gift of 100 years of relative
peace watched over by the Royal Navy who retained supremacy of
the high seas - a foundation building block for the future nationhood
of Terra Australis.
This enabled Australia to develop relatively peacefully into six
British colonies, without other foreign settlements, resulting
in the Commonwealth of Australia being formed in 1901 together
with its foundation Australian Naval fleet.
1864, the RN adopted Nelson's White squadron ensign as its only
ensign, to be flown by all its ships from that time.
Let us never forget that through Nelson and his menís great sacrifices
at this naval battle, British Naval supremacy of the oceans was
achieved for a century of time.
Australia's sovereignty has subsequently been maintained through
the sacrifice of many who served in our Royal Australian navy
with many dying in world and regional wars during the 20th Century.
LEST WE FORGET